The municipality of Burdeos, Quezon is geographically located in the coastal part of Polillo Island in the first Congressional District of the Province of Quezon, a town that is trapezoidal in shape, facing the vast Pacific Ocean with an area of approximately 20,948 hectares. It is a 4th class municipality with population of 20,272 based on 2000 census. Burdeos is composed of 14 barangays, three(30 of which are island barangays, with 25 islands which are potential tourist spots. The territorial water of this municipality is a good fishing ground with abundant aquatic resources.
In regonition of its existence, it is now known, it only takes exception to some improvements and developments. It has existed long before in the vision of men who are the forerunner inhabitants of Burdeos, who called it then “VISITA” with occupation to earn their living were deer-wild pig hunting, primitive farming(kaingin) and fishing.
Foremost deers and wild pig hunters, aside from Negritos who used bow and arrow, was the old man Pelagio Valentin, while first leading citizens were three old man by that time, Mr. Valeriano Foliente, Severo Villasenor and Alipio Azores, all known philanthropies of the place. These three used rally behind and support any undertaking for the progress of their locality to the extent of giving away from the success of their public projects, their monies and or properties, like lands.
When the first priest came to Visita to hold the first mass, this priest called the place by another name, Burdeos. From then on, Visita was named and called Burdeos , instead. Burdeos progressed and become one of the barrios of the municipality of Polillo, Tayabas (now Quezon).
Before World War II, Melanio Foliente, a Municipal Councilor of Polillo, dreamed to make Burdeos a separate municipality which brain-child nowhere got its base. A second move to separate from Polillo was undertaken by Reymundo Felomino who became a councilor then of Polillo but also in vain.
In 1942, the occupation by the Japanese soldiers landed in Burdeos.
In 1945, entering by the Philippine Commonwealth troops in Burdeos by the attacked from the Japanese forces in the Battle of Polilio Island during the Second World War.
After the liberation of the Philippines, from the pitiful occupation of the Japanese forces by the United States through General McArthur, the spirit to make Burdeos an independent municipality generated once again on May 1948. This sentiments lead to a small conference on the matter, held at the farm of Cornelio Foliente on May 1948 at Sitio Amot, Burdeos, Polillo and Tayabas. Present on the conference was Melanio Foliente, Aquilino Morga, Dalmacio Durante, Cornelio Foliente, Valenriano Rudio, Cirilo Avenilla and Reymundo Felomino. The conference from delegation represented by: Mr. Aquilino Morga, Pacifico Foliente, Valeriano Rudio & Simon Mercado.
These delegations saw Congressman Fortunato Suarez of the first District of Quezon and promised to the delegation that he will introduced a bill in the House of Congress for the creation of the municipality of Burdeos and informing the delegation that he will inform in advance Mayor Mamerto Azarias and other prominent citizens of Polillo regarding the matter.
On third Congress, a bill was fathered by Congressman Fortunato Suarez which bill known as RA No. 250 ( Housebill No. 1695) creating the municipality of Burdeos. The first appointed municipal officials were the following : Reymundo Felomino, Municipal Mayor, Pio Orantia, Vice Mayor, and Aquilino Aman , Victor Ayuso, Claudio Cuento, Lino Avellano, as councillors with Mr. Diego Salazar as the first Municipal Secretary, and Mr.Pedro Galan, as Chief of Police. On June 30, 1948, Municipal Treasurer for the new municipality of Burdeos came in the person of Vedasto A. Ello and conferred with some of their leading citizens. The next day July 1, 1948 the Local Government Unit of Burdeos was organized.
Finally they begun to adopt their own reliabilities through their own nation.
Mayor: Hon. Gil P. Establecida
Vice Mayor: Hon. Obren M. Tan
Hon. Freddie C. Aman
Hon. Melvin P. Avenilla
Hon. Melissa P. Encomienda
Hon. Sherwin S. Calleja
Hon. Esmenia D. Portillo
Hon. Christa May Azas-Bantucan
Hon. Edgardo N. Tena
Hon. Alex T. Murcia
Hon. Edito Ayuste (ABC PRESIDENT)
Hon. Barren Algozo (SK PRESIDENT)
Burdeos is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.