The history of Jomalig Island is the only love story legend in Quezon province. Although many old jomaligins (its people) not know or not remember where Jomalig derived its name but there few old residences remembered the wonderful legend from their ancestors. Based on the story, there was a Datu (chieftain native) lived on island and he has a beautiful daughter. A young man from Neighbor Island wants to marriage princess but Datu challenge him. Datu said that when young man roams the island in one day and in every lake or pond he arrow three fishes, Datu gave his daughter. Young man tried and he makes the challenge of Datu, but in the finish area he lost his strength. In this point he ask his price and the girl come with him. Because he has hopeless to leave, he only request princess to kiss him. That case, the people in island saw what happened and they shout “HUMALIK” (She kissed). People in island named the island “Humalik”. Many years past and the Humalik become Jomalig. Many old residences said that the Americans change it when they conquered Philippines. Jomalig Island was a former barrio of Polillo, Quezon, but on January 22, 1961 with the enactment of Republic Act. No. 3372, Jomalig Island was separated from the municipal district of Polillo, Quezon. Jomalig is 75 miles southeast of Polillo Island with an area of 5.170 hectares and with a population density of 0.97 per hectares or 97 persons/100 hectares. Jomalig Island is about 75 nautical miles southeast of Polillo Islands.
Mostly, the land of Jomalig is cultivated for agricultural land use. Most of the inhabitants of this island depend on coconut products, rice, fish and other root crops. Being one of the smallest and farthest island municipalities of Quezon Province. Being only 5,939 hectares or 51.7 sq. kilometers. Some of its land have been alienated and is dedicated mostly on coconut land which is 3,104.0 hectares. Also with 2,605 hectares comprise forest, swamps and grassland. Because of the geographical location of Jomalig to be recognized was the reason for Jomalig’s inability in the past to be distinguished is because of its very slow development. In regards with this it was only then in the year 1952 when Jomalig, Quezon was subdivided for agricultural and residential lots sponsored by Mayor Mamerto P. Azarias and the municipal Council of the said municipality.
Only then on the inauguration by the late Congressman Manuel S. Enverga when it was the time the civic leaders had geared towards self-reliance and which instigated them towards development in agriculture. With this many people from the Bicol Region migrated for a richer pasture and uplifted livelihood. Consequently,the inhabitants of this municipality is a merger of different ethnic groups, like those of from Eastern Samar, Bohol, Sorsogon, Catanduanes, Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte and mostly then few from Quezon Province.
Jomalig is politically subdivided into 5 barangays.